What are Benzos?
Benzodiazepines, also known as benzos, belong to a class of drugs that are used to help reduce anxiety, relax muscles, prevent panic disorders and promote sleep. Because these drugs are highly addictive, their use is usually limited to short-term and as-needed basis. Despite being carefully restricted, there are two ways through which people start abusing them. While some people may start by taking the drugs as prescribed, they may progress gradually to taking more than the recommended amount. Others may start acquiring them illicitly and become addicted to them. The more you abuse benzos, the more you become tolerant and need more of the drug to realize its effects.
Some of the common benzos are Xanax, Librium, Valium and Ativan.
How they work
Benzos work by affecting the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid, also known as GABA. Increased GABA in the brain causes a slowdown of the nervous system, effectively producing a feeling of relaxation, sedative effect and relieving anxiety. This is why they are prescribed for short-term use by people with anxiety, unprovoked anger, stress and other similar symptoms that normally occur in patients with bipolar disorder.
With the highly addictive nature of benzos, it is very easy to abuse these drugs. Failure to follow the prescription or illicit use of the drugs can easily lead to addiction. Abusing the drug makes it necessary to use more of the drug so as to achieve the tranquilized effect that is often associated with the drugs in this class.
Effects of abusing benzos
A person using benzodiazepines may exhibit effects such as drowsiness and sleepiness, lack of coordination as well as hostility and irritability. Such a patient may experience clear and disturbing dreams when they sleep.
Abusing benzos will result in a development of tolerance to the drugs, addiction and more abuse. Even in cases where it will be normal to manifest anxiety, people who abuse this drug will not exhibit such a reaction. It is also important to note that benzos are used during surgeries to cause amnesia. This means that those who abuse the drugs are likely to have poor memory and outright amnesia of some events.
Abusing a combination of benzos and other drugs may result in a coma or death. Hundreds of people go to emergency rooms for problems associated with abuse of benzos.
Withdrawing from benzodiazepines
Benzos make for the most difficult drugs to withdraw from, because of the severity and length of the withdrawal process. If you have been using the drugs for less than four months, recovery is likely to take a short time. However, most people have recovery periods that span months and even years.
Some of the common withdrawal symptoms of the drugs include extreme anxiety, severe depression, migraines, body tremors, heart palpitations, muscle twitching and burning sensations going through the brain.
Recovering from addiction
Even with the difficult withdrawal process, the good news is that certain steps can be taken to minimize the symptoms. Patients should also know that it is possible to recover and progress towards full sobriety after addiction.
In case you or your loved one becomes addicted to benzos, it is important to identify a treatment facility that will help you on your path to recovery. Yellowstone Recovery is a low cost drug rehab that offers superior treatment and care services. Kindly give us a call or reach out to us through our website to learn more.
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